Rose thou art sick | The Economist | 2 de abril de 2016
“…European economies have changed in ways that make the collectivist policies on which the centre left was built less effective. The transport of goods has become faster, cheaper and containerised; capital more mobile; trade deals (and associated state-aid rules) more far-reaching; and automation more sophisticated. Jobs have gone overseas or just gone altogether; the unionised industries of the Industrial Revolution, mining and steel, are hugely diminished. There has been a fundamental shift away from manufacturing and towards services, and from state ownership towards the private sector.”
Social democrats face irrelevance at best, extinction at worse, Neal Lawson | New Statesman | 8 de diciembre de 2014
“The brief upturn in the electoral fortunes of social democrats in the mid 1990s around the third way, the new middle and Clintonism was won at the expense of the further erosion of an increasingly ignored electoral base. In the mistaken belief it had nowhere else to go, core support was traded for core values and reliance pinned on a dysfunctional financialised capitalism that backfired spectacularly in 2008 with social democrats caught with their fingers in the neo-liberal till.”
What’s Left?: Social Democrats in Disarray, Alan Johnson | World Affairs| Verano de 2015
“Social democrats, as Sheri Berman showed in The Primacy of Politics: Social Democracy and the Making of Europe’s Twentieth Century, used to be able to do something that no one else could: bring capitalism, democracy, and social stability into a more or less harmonious relationship. They knew from bitter experience that if markets really were “free” and left to “self-regulate” then society would be devastated; that in addition to degrading the environment, what Marx called the cash-nexus, the reduction of human relations to naked self-interest, would erode communal life and the common good, installing greed and possessive individualism in their place; that merely contractual relations between spectacularly unequal, anxious, and deeply untrusting individuals, acquisitive, philistine, and competitive, would triumph. ”.
The crisis in European social democracy: a crisis like no other, Benoît Lévesque | Open Democracy | 21 de mayo de 2016
“…the institutional mechanisms of market economy regulation must now be reinvented – though this is occurring at a time when international treaties are making increasingly binding the mechanisms that give priority to market self-regulation. In addition, the already limited leeway still available to nation-states is being further eroded by austerity policies supported by most social democratic parties.”.
The centre left in Europe faces a stark choice, Tony Barber | Financial Times | 19 de agosto de 2016
“The economic crisis, the constraints of eurozone membership and, above all, the rise in immigration have opened up space for anti-establishment parties, mainly on the conservative nationalist right, to eat deeply into social democracyâ€™s core electorate. In this context, the decline of trade union membership in Europe is especially significant. Social surveys indicate that low-income, less educated voters are much more likely to abandon social democracy for the far right if they are not union members.”
Lamprini Rori es experta en partidos socialdemócratas europeos, investigadora invitada del St Antony’s College de la universidad de Oxford.